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Amphibians and Reptiles of Alabama

Click here to read more about Alabama's Herpetological Diversity

 

CLASS AMPHIBIA
Amphibians
 
Order Anura - (Frogs & Toads)
 
Family Bufonidae - True Toads
 
Anaxyrus
A. americanus - American Toad
A. fowleri - Fowler's Toad
A. quercicus - Oak Toad
A. terrestris - Southern Toad
 
Family Hylidae - Treefrogs
 
Acris
A. crepitans - Northern Cricket Frog
A. gryllus - Southern Cricket Frog
 
Hyla
H. andersonii - Pine Barrens Treefrog
H. avivoca - Bird-voiced Treefrog
H. chrysoscelis - Cope's Gray Treefrog
H. cinerea - Green Treefrog
H. femoralis - Pine Woods Treefrog
H. gratiosa - Barking Treefrog
H. squirella - Squirrel Treefrog
 
Pseudacris
P. brachyphona - Mountain Chorus Frog
P. crucifer - Spring Peeper
P. feriarum - Upland Chorus Frog
P. nigrita - Southern Chorus Frog
P. ocularis - Little Grass Frog
P. ornata - Ornate Chorus Frog
 
Family Microhylidae - Microhylid Frogs & Toads
 
Gastrophryne
G. carolinensis - Eastern Narrowmouth Toad
 
Family Ranidae - True Frogs
 
Lithobates
L. capito - Gopher Frog
L. catesbeianus - Bullfrog
L. clamitans - Bronze Frog
L. grylio - Pig Frog
L. heckscheri - River Frog
L. palustris - Pickerel Frog
L. sphenocephalus - Southern Leopard Frog
L. sylvaticus - Wood Frog
 
Family Scaphiopodidae - North American Spadefoots
 
Scaphiopus
S. holbrookii - Eastern Spadefoot
 
 
Order Caudata - (Salamanders)
 
Family Ambystomatidae - Mole Salamanders
 
Ambystoma
A. bishopi - Reticulated Flatwoods Salamander
A. maculatum - Spotted Salamander
A. opacum - Marbled Salamander
A. talpoideum - Mole Salamander
A. texanum - Smallmouth Salamander
A. tigrinum - Eastern Tiger Salamander
 
Family Amphiumidae - Amphiumas
 
Amphiuma
A. means - Two-toed Amphiuma
A. pholeter - One-toed Amphiuma
A. tridactylium - Three-toed Amphiuma
 
Family Cryptobranchidae - Hellbenders
 
Cryptobranchus
C. alleganiensis - Hellbender
 
Family Plethodontidae - Lungless Salamanders
 
Aneides
A. aeneus - Gree Salamander
 
Desmognathus
D. aeneus - Seepage Salamander
D. apalachicolae - Apalachicola Dusky Salamander
D. auriculatus - Southern Dusky Salamander
D. conanti - Spotted Dusky Salamander
D. monticola - Seal Salamander
D. ocoee - Ocoee Salamander
 
Eurycea
E. aquatica - Brownback Salamander
E. chamberlaini - Chamberlain's Dwarf Salamander
E. cirrigera - Southern Two-lined Salamander
E. guttolineata - Three-lined Salamander
E. longicauda - Longtail Salamander
E. lucifuga - Cave Salamander
E. quadridigitata - Coastal Plain Dwarf Salamander
 
Gyrinophilus
G. palleucus - Tennessee Cave Salamander
G. porphyriticus - Spring Salamander
 
Hemidactylium
H. scutatum - Four-toed Salamander
 
Phaeognathus
P. hubrichti - Red Hills Salamander
 
Plethodon
P. glutinosus - Northern Slimy Salamander
P. grobmani - Southeastern Slimy Salamander
P. mississippi - Mississippi Slimy Salamander
P. serratus - Southern Redback Salamander
P. ventralis - Southern Zigzag Salamander
P. websteri - Webster's Salamander
 
Pseudotriton
P. montanus - Eastern Mud Salamander
P. ruber - Red Salamander
 
Family Proteidae - Mudpuppies and Waterdogs
 
Necturus
N. alabamensis - Black Warrior Waterdog
N. cf. lodingi - Loding's Mudpuppy
N. maculosus - Common Mudpuppy
 
Family Salamandridae - Newts
 
Notophthalmus
N. viridescens - Eastern Newt
 
Family Sirenidae - Sirens
 
Siren
S. intermedia - Lesser Siren
S. lacertina - Greater Siren
 
 
 
CLASS CHELONIA
Turtles
 
Order Cryptodira - (Straightneck Turtles)
 
Family Cheloniidae - Sea Turtles
 
Caretta
C. caretta - Loggerhead
 
Chelonia
C. mydas - Green Turtle
 
Eretmochelys
E. imbricata - Hawksbill
 
Lepidochelys
L. kempii - Atlantic Ridley
 
Family Chelydridae - Snapping Turtles
 
Chelydra
C. serpentina - Common Snapping Turtle
 
Macrochelys
M. temminckii - Alligator Snapping Turtle
 
Family Dermochelyidae - Letherbacks
 
Dermochelys
D. coriacea - Leatherback
 
Family Emydidae - Box and Basking Turtles
 
Chrysemys
C. dorsalis - Southern Painted Turtle
C. picta - Northern Painted Turtle
 
Deirochelys
D. reticularia - Chicken Turtle
 
Graptemys
G. barbouri - Barbour's Map Turtle
G. ernsti - Escambia Map Turtle
G. geographica - Common Map Turtle
G. nigrinoda - Black-knobbed Map Turtle
G. ouachitensis - Ouachita Map Turtle
G. pulchra - Alabama Map Turtle
 
Malaclemys
M. terrapin - Diamondback Terrapin
 
Pseudemys
P. alabamensis - Alabama Redbelly Turtle
P. concinna - Eastern River Cooter
P. floridana - Florida Cooter
 
Terrapene
T. carolina - Eastern Box Turtle
 
Trachemys
T. scripta - Slider
 
Family Kinosternidae - Mud and Musk Turtles
 
Kinosternon
K. subrubrum - Eastern Mud Turtle
 
Sternotherus
S. carinatus - Razorback Musk Turtle
S. depressus - Flattened Musk Turtle
S. minor - Loggerhead Musk Turtle
S. odoratus - Common Musk Turtle
 
Family Testudinidae - Tortoises
 
Gopherus
G. polyphemus - Gopher Tortoise
 
Family Trionychidae - Softshells
 
Apalone
A. ferox - Florida Softshell
A. mutica - Smooth Softshell
A. spinifera - Spiny Softshell
 
 
 
CLASS EUSUCHIA
Crocodilians
 
Order Crocodylia - (Crocodiles, Alligators, Caimans & Gavials)
 
Family Alligatoridae - Alligators and Caimans
 
Alligator
A. mississippiensis - American Alligator
 
 
 
CLASS REPTILIA
Amphisbaenians, Lizards, Snakes & Tuataras
 
Order Squamata - (Lizards)
 
Family Anguidae - Glass Lizards and Alligator Lizards
 
Ophisaurus
O. attenuatus - Slender Glass Lizard
O. mimicus - Mimic Glass Lizard
O. ventralis - Eastern Glass Lizard
 
Family Phrynosomatidae - Spiny Lizards
 
Sceloporus
S. undulatus - Eastern Fence Lizard
 
Family Polychrotidae - Anoles
 
Anolis
A. carolinensis - Green Anole
 
Family Scincidae - Skinks
 
Plestiodon
P. anthracinus - Coal Skink
P. egregius - Mole Skink
P. fasciatus - Five-lined Skink
P. inexpectatus - Southeastern Five-lined Skink
P. laticeps - Broadhead Skink
 
Scincella
S. lateralis - Ground Skink
 
Family Teiidae - Whiptails, Racerunners & Ameivas
 
Aspidoscelis
A. sexlineata - Six-lined Racerunner
 
 
Order Squamata - (Snakes)
 
Family Colubridae - Colubrid Snakes
 
Carphophis
C. amoenus - Eastern Worm Snake
 
Cemophora
C. coccinea - Scarlet Snake
 
Coluber
C. constrictor - Eastern Racer
 
Diadophis
D. punctatus - Ringneck Snake
 
Drymarchon
D. couperi - Eastern Indigo Snake
 
Farancia
F. abacura - Mud Snake
F. erytrogramma - Rainbow Snake
 
Heterodon
H. platirhinos - Eastern Hognose Snake
H. simus - Southern Hognose Snake
 
Lampropeltus
L. calligaster - Prairie Kingsnake
L. elapsoides - Scarlet Kingsnake
L. getula - Common Kingsnake
L. triangulum - Milksnake
 
Masticophis
M. flagellum - Coachwhip
 
Nerodia
N. clarkii - Salt Marsh Snake
N. cyclopion - Mississippi Green Water Snake
N. erythrogaster - Plainbelly Water Snake
N. fasciata - Southern Water Snake
N. floridana - Florida Green Water Snake
N. rhombifer - Diamondback Water Snake
N. sipedon - Northern Water Snake
N. taxispilota - Brown Water Snake
 
Opheodrys
O. aestivus - Rough Green Snake
 
Pantherophis
P. guttatus - Eastern Corn Snake
 
Pituophis
P. melanoleucus - Eastern Pine Snake
 
Regina
R. rigida - Glossy Crayfish Snake
R. septemvittata - Queen Snake
 
Rhadinaea
R. flavilata - Pine Woods Snake
 
Scotophis
S. spiloides - Midland Rat Snake
 
Seminatrix
S. pygaea - Black Swamp Snake
 
Storeria
S. dekayi - Brown Snake
S. occipitomaculata - Redbelly Snake
 
Tantilla
T. coronata - Southeastern Crowned Snake
 
Thamnophis
T. sauritus - Eastern Ribbon Snake
T. sirtalis - Common Garter Snake
 
Virginia
V. striatula - Rough Earth Snake
V. valeriae - Smooth Earth Snake
 
Family Crotalidae - Pitvipers
 
Agkistrodon
A. contortrix - Copperhead
A. piscivorus - Cottonmouth
 
Crotalus
C. adamanteus - Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
C. horridus - Timber Rattlesnake
 
Sistrurus
S. miliarius - Pigmy Rattlesnake
 
Family Elapidae - Coral Snakes, Cobras & Kraits
 
Micrurus
M. fulvius - Eastern Coral Snake
 

 


Thank you to Alabama's Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries and the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources for providing the species information linked to on this page.

 

 

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